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Wednesday 01 August 2007

Enantioselective separation of azole compounds by EKC. Reversal of migration order of enantiomers with CD concentration.

By: Castro-Puyana M, Crego AL, Marina ML, GarcĂ­a-Ruiz C.

Electrophoresis 2007 Aug;28(15):2667-74

The enantioselective separation of a group of six weak base azole compounds was achieved in this work using EKC with three neutral beta-CDs as chiral selectors. The native beta-CD and two other beta-CD derivatives with different types and positions of the substituents on the CD rim ((2-hydroxy)propyl-beta-CD (HP-beta-CD) and heptakis-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-beta-CD (TM-beta-CD)) were employed. Apparent binding constants for each pair compound-CD were determined in order to study analyte-CD interactions. The best enantiomeric resolutions for miconazole, econazole, and sulconazole were observed with HP-beta-CD whereas for the separation of the enantiomers of ketoconazole, terconazole, and bifonazole, TM-beta-CD was the best chiral selector. The enantioseparations obtained were discussed on the basis of the structure of the compounds taking into account that inclusion into the hydrophobic CD cavity occurred through the phenyl ring closer to the azole group. In addition, a change in the migration order for the enantiomers of two of the compounds studied (ketoconazole and terconazole) with the concentration of HP-beta-CD was observed for the first time.

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