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Friday 27 July 2007

[Minimal inhibitory concentrations of Candida species to five antifungals by using the reference dilution micromethod and the E-test.]

By: Torres-Rodríguez JM, Madrenys N, Jiménez T, Saballs P.

Rev Iberoam Micol 1997 Sep;14(3):115-8

It is accepted that the frequency of candidosis has increased during the last decade, specially in hospitalized patients. The more frequent use of azole antifungals and the recognition of isolates of Candida sp resistant to these and other drugs such as 5-fluorocytosine constitute a great need for a reproducible and useful C. albicans in vitro susceptibility testing method for monitoring antifungal therapy in clinical mycological laboratories. The E-test is a novel agar diffussion technique for testing the susceptibility of yeasts against a defined continous gradient of drug and could be used by most clinical laboratories. In this study the E-test and the NCCLS reference microbroth method (M27-P guidelines) were used to determine the MICs of amphotericin B, 5-flucytosine, itraconazole, fluconazole and ketoconazole for 50 clinical isolates of Candida albicans, Torulopsis glabrata, C. tropicalis and Hansenula anomala and five reference ATCC strains. The main purpose of the study was to compare the results obtained by the two methods. In general good agreement (+/- 1 dilution) was otained between both methods, despite differences observed for some species-antifungal combinations in which the MICs were lower by the E-test than by the microbroth method. MICs for C. albicans and T. glabrata to amphotericin B were < 0.50 microg/mL. Two isolates of C. albicans and two others of H. anomala, showed MIC < 8 microg/mL for 5- flucytosine. All isolates of T. glabrata and 40% of C. albicans showed MICs > 16 microg/mL for fluconazole. The results of this study indicate that E-test is an alternative for susceptibility testing to the NCCLS reference method. Because its simplicity it seems to be an easier test for routine clinical laboratories.

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