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Sunday 01 October 2006

In-vitro susceptibility testing by agar dilution method to determine the minimum inhibitory concentrations of amphotericin B, fluconazole and ketoconazole against ocular fungal isolates.

By: Therese KL, Bagyalakshmi R, Madhavan HN, Deepa P.

Indian J Med Microbiol 2006 Oct;24(4):273-9

PURPOSE: To standardize in-vitro antifungal susceptibility testing by agar dilution method to find out the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of amphotericin B, fluconazole and ketoconazole on ocular fungal isolates. METHODS: A total of 180 ocular fungal isolates (130 filamentous fungi and 50 yeasts) were included. The antifungal drugs such as amphotericin B (0.0625-8 mg/mL), fluconazole (0.2-819.6 mg/mL) and ketoconazole (0.025-6.4 mg/mL) were incorporated in doubling dilutions in the yeast nitrogen base medium. The MIC was determined as the lowest concentration of the antifungal drug preventing growth of macroscopically visible colonies on drug containing plates when there was visible growth on the drug - free control plates. RESULTS: All 50 ocular isolates of yeast were susceptible to amphotericin B, while two (4%) and five (10%) strains were resistant to fluconazole and ketoconazole respectively. Of the 130 filamentous fungi tested, six (4.6%) were resistant to amphotericin B, 49 (37.7%) and 10 (7.6%) were resistant to fluconazole and ketoconazole respectively. Percentile 50 (MIC 50) and Percentile 90 (MIC 90) for all the three antifungal agents were calculated. Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus terreus and Candida krusei were found to be resistant to fluconazole and ketoconazole. CONCLUSION: This technique was found to be reliable, cost effective and easy to perform with consistent results.

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