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Tuesday 01 February 2000

Differential activities of CYP1A isozymes in hepatic and intestinal microsomes of control and 3-methylcholanthrene-induced rats.

By: Spatzenegger M, Horsmans Y, Verbeeck RK.

Pharmacol Toxicol 2000 Feb;86(2):71-7

Differences in expression of CYP1A isoforms (CYP1A1 and CYP1A2) in liver and small intestine of male Wistar rats and their inducibility by 3-methylcholanthrene as well as the effect of different CYP1A1/1A2 expression on caffeine metabolism were investigated. In rat liver, CYP1A2 is the predominant isoform and CYP1A1 protein expression in liver is significantly increased after treatment by 3-methylcholanthrene. In contrast, only CYP1A1 was detected in control and 3-methylcholanthrene induced small intestine microsomes. Treatment with 3-methylcholanthrene (40 mg/kg intraperitoneally daily during 1, 2, 3 or 4 days) demonstrated that liver CYP1A1 is more sensitive for the induction effects than CYP1A2 and also that significant induction of CYP1A1 in rat small intestine only occurred after 3 to 4 days pretreatment. Caffeine metabolism and inhibition studies by furafylline, CYP1A1 antiserum and ketoconazole revealed that the differences in the expression of CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 in the two tissues led to significant changes in the contribution of the various isoenzymes involved in the biotransformation of caffeine. Whereas in liver paraxanthine formation was almost exclusively catalyzed by CYP1A2, in rat proximal intestine it was formed by CYP1A1. In addition, other CYP enzymes (most probably CYP3A) play a significant role in theobromine and theophylline formation from caffeine in rat intestine. Overall, this study shows different expression and inducibility of CYP1A1/1A2 by 3-methylcholanthrene in rat liver and small intestine. Furthermore in rat intestine cytochrome P450 isozymes such as CYP1A1 and CYP3A replace CYP1A2 in the caffeine metabolism.

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