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Saturday 01 April 2000

Conversion of vitamin D3 to 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in human skin equivalents.

By: Lehmann B, Rudolph T, Pietzsch J, Meurer M.

Exp Dermatol 2000 Apr;9(2):97-103

These results demonstrate for the first time that human keratinocytes under in vivo-like conditions have the capacity of the enzymatic hydroxylation of vitamin D3 to hormonally active calcitriol (1alpha,25(OH)2D3). Supplementation of the culture medium with bovine serum albumin (BSA) up to 1.5%) (w/v) amplifies the conversion of vitamin D3 to 1alpha,25(OH)2D3. The maximum turnover rate of this reaction at 780 nM vitamin D3 in presence of 1.0% (w/v) BSA amounts to approximately 3 pmol 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 per 10(6) cells after 6 h of incubation. The hydroxylation of vitamin D3 to 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 is inhibited by the P-450 oxidase inhibitor ketoconazole. The generation of 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 from vitamin D3 has an apparent Michaelis constant (Km) of 2.3x10(-6) M. The intrinsic conversion of vitamin D3 to biologically active 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 may be of importance for the regulation of proliferation and differentiation of keratinocytes.

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