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Thursday 01 June 2000

Prevention by L-alpha-phosphatidylcholine of antifungal activity in vitro of liposome-encapsulated imidazoles determined by using time-killing curves.

By: De Logu A, Fadda AM, Pellerano ML, Diana G, Schivo ML.

Int J Antimicrob Agents 2000 Jun;15(1):43-8

The antifungal activity of the imidazole derivatives miconazole and ketoconazole was reduced when they were entrapped in liposomal structures and significant differences were detected between small unilamellar vesicles (SUV) and multilamellar vesicles (MLV). To understand which component of liposomes interfered with the antifungal activity of miconazole and ketoconazole, we examined the influence of pure egg and soy L-alpha-phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol on activity against Candida albicans ATCC E10231 by time killing curves. Association of phospholipids-cholesterol-imidazole leads to an inhibitory effect on the antifungal activity comparable to that shown when miconazole or ketoconazole were entrapped in SUV liposomes or when miconazole and ketoconazole were incubated in the presence of L-alpha-phosphatidylcholine. The antifungal activity determined in the presence of cholesterol was comparable to that observed with the free drugs. Inhibition of the antifungal activity of miconazole and ketoconazole by phospholipids is dependent on the phospholipid concentration but is independent of the source of phospholipids (egg or soy). Cholesterol had no influence on the antifungal activity of the imidazoles, unlike the effect on other antifungal drugs, such as amphotericin B.

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