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Friday 01 September 2000

Prospective study on fungemia in children with cancer: analysis of 35 cases and comparison with 130 fungemias in adults.

By: Krupova Y, Sejnova D, Dzatkova J, Kaiserova E, Kiskova M, Babela R, Mateicka F, Sabo A, Pichnova E, Jurga L, Sulcova M, Krcmery V.

Support Care Cancer 2000 Sep;8(5):427-30

The aim of this prospective study on fungemia in children with cancer compared with adults with cancer appearing during the last 10 years in a pediatric hospital and in national cancer institutions was to investigate risk factors, etiology, therapy, complications and outcome. Univariate analysis showed significant differences in 35 children with cancer and fungemia in comparison with 130 cases of fungemias in adults with cancer. It was found that (1) therapy with corticosteroids (40 vs 18.5%, P<0.03), (2) breakthrough fungemia during ketoconazole prophylaxis (20 vs 7.7%, P<0.025), and (3) meningitis as a complication of fungemia (11.4 vs 0.8%, P< 0.001) occurred more frequently in the pediatric subgroup with fungemia. Candida albicans was more common as the causative agent of fungemia among adults (58.5 vs 37.1, P<0.02) than in children. However, mortality was similar in children with cancer and in adults with cancer and fungemia (31.4 vs 23.1%, NS). Comparison of risk factors revealed no differences between adults and children with cancer and fungemia except in etiology, breakthrough fungemia during prophylaxis with ketoconazole, prior therapy with corticosteroids and meningitis as a complication. The outcome was also similar in pediatric and adult cancer patients with fungal bloodstream infection.

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