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Thursday 30 August 2001

Cyclosporin immunosuppression of sheep: pharmacokinetics and allograft survival.

By: Rose AH, Ilett KF, O'Donoghue HL, Hackett LP, Penhale WJ, Manning LS, Glancy RJ, Cullen LK, Turner JH.

Vet Immunol Immunopathol 2001 Aug 30;81(1-2):23-36

A chronically immunosuppressed sheep model was established using a regimen of cyclosporin A (CsA; 2-3mg/kg twice daily) and ketoconazole (10mg/kg twice daily). Blood CsA concentrations reached a steady-state after 17 days of treatment. The clearance of CsA decreased from a mean (95% CI) of 9.47 (6.2-12.7)ml/min/kg after a single (first) dose (3mg/kg i.v.) to 1.62 (1.38-1.86)ml/min/kg after 18 days of CsA (3mg/kg i.v. twice daily) co-administration with ketoconazole. These data indicated that the combination of CsA and ketoconazole could be used to give stable high concentrations of CsA in the sheep. Using this regimen in the sheep, the long-term survival of skin allografts was monitored as an indicator of effective immunosuppression. CsA in blood was measured daily and CsA dose adjusted to various target concentration ranges. Provided that the trough concentration of blood CsA was maintained between 1500-2500 mg/l, long-term healthy skin allografts were maintained on the sheep without significant adverse effects on haematological or biochemical parameters.

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