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Wednesday 01 August 2001

Uptake of Malassezia furfur by human dermal fibroblasts: effect of ketoconazole and cytoskeleton inhibitors.

By: Baroni A, Perfetto B, Paoletti I, De Martino L, Buommino E, Ruocco E, Ruocco V.

Arch Dermatol Res 2001 Aug;293(8):407-13

We showed the ability of human dermal fibroblasts to take up Malassezia furfur and the effect of ketoconazole and cytoskeleton inhibitors, including cytochalasin D and colchicine, on invasivity. Engulfment was evaluated by May Grunwald Giemsa stain and confirmed by acridine orange staining and electron microscopy. Both revealed the different steps of engulfment, including a fusion event between lysosomes and phagosomes containing M. furfur. Subinhibitory concentrations of ketoconazole (5 microg/ml) reduced the invasive capacity compared to controls (52.0+/-6.3 vs 10.0+/-1.2). M. furfur induced changes in the cytoskeleton of human dermal fibroblasts, with signs of disaggregation of actin fibres. We also studied the effect of the cytoskeleton inhibitors, cytochalasin D (1 microg/ml) and colchicine (1 microg/ml), on engulfment. Cytochalasin D, an inhibitor of actin polymers, inhibited the uptake of M. furfur by human dermal fibroblasts. Colchicine, a microtubule inhibitor, reduced the uptake of M. furfur less markedly. This suggests that the process of engulfment is F-actin-dependent, but the integrity of microtubules is also important in "non-professional" phagocytic cells such as dermal fibroblasts.

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