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Friday 08 March 2002

Simple high-performance liquid chromatography method for the simultaneous determination of ketoconazole and piperine in rat plasma and hepatocyte culture.

By: Bajad S, Johri RK, Singh K, Singh J, Bedi KL.

J Chromatogr A 2002 Mar 8;949(1-2):43-7

Piperine, a major alkaloid of black and long peppers has been reported to act as bioavailability enhancer of several drugs by inhibiting drug metabolising enzymes and/or by increasing oral absorption. Ketoconazole is a well established potent inhibitor of CYP 3A4 and P-glycoprotein. A simple and rapid HPLC method has been developed for the simultaneous analysis of ketoconazole and piperine in rat plasma and hepatocyte culture. Analysis was performed using a Symmetry C18 column (150x4.6 mm, 5 microm) and isocratic elution with 25 mM KH2PO4 (pH 4.5)-acetonitrile (50:50) with a flow-rate of 1 ml/min. Photodiode array detection was used to simultaneously monitor piperine at 340 nm and ketoconazole at 231 nm in a single sample. Calibration plots in spiked plasma, hepatocytes and William's medium E were linear over the range studied (10-2000 ng for both drugs). The detection limits for piperine and ketoconazole are 2 and 4 ng, respectively, and the limits of quantitation are 10 and 12 ng, respectively. Intra- and inter-assay variations were less than 8%.

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