Custom Search

News

Saturday 01 December 2001

Desloratadine has no clinically relevant electrocardiographic or pharmacodynamic interactions with ketoconazole.

By: Banfield C, Herron J, Keung A, Padhi D, Affrime M.

Clin Pharmacokinet 2002;41 Suppl 1:37-44

OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to assess the electrocardiographic safety and pharmacokinetics of desloratadine in combination with the CYP3A4 inhibitor ketoconazole. DESIGN: A randomised, placebo-controlled, third-party-blind, 2-way crossover study. PARTICIPANTS: 24 healthy volunteers (12 men, 12 women; age 19 to 50 years). INTERVENTIONS: 7.5mg of desloratadine orally per day in combination with placebo or with 200mg of ketoconazole every 12 hours for 10 days. After a minimum 7-day washout period, participants received the alternative treatment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ECG parameters. RESULTS: Comparable maximum corrected QT (QT(c)) intervals were observed after coadministration of desloratadine and placebo or ketoconazole (431 and 435 msec, respectively). The desloratadine/ketoconazole combination did not induce any statistically significant or clinically relevant changes in QT(c), QT, PR or QRS intervals compared with desloratadine alone; ventricular rate was slightly slower when desloratadine was given with ketoconazole. At steady state, coadministration of ketoconazole resulted in no significant change in area under the desloratadine concentration-time curve (AUC) from 0 to 24 hours compared with desloratadine/placebo. Coadministration of desloratadine and ketoconazole resulted in a 1.3-fold increase in desloratadine maximum concentration (C(max)) that was not clinically relevant. The most common adverse event was headache, reported in 42 and 38% of individuals, respectively, after coadministration of desloratadine/placebo and desloratadine/ketoconazole. There were no reports of dizziness or syncope. CONCLUSION: Coadministration of desloratadine and ketoconazole was well tolerated and was associated with minimal increase in AUC and C(max). The combination did not induce any clinically relevant electrocardiographic changes.

Use of this site is subject to the following terms of use