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Tuesday 25 March 2003

Enhancement of moxidectin bioavailability in lamb by a natural flavonoid: quercetin.

By: Dupuy J, Larrieu G, Sutra JF, Lespine A, Alvinerie M.

Vet Parasitol 2003 Mar 25;112(4):337-47

Moxidectin is an antiparasitic drug widely used in cattle, sheep and companion animals. Due to the involvement of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and cytochrome P450 3A in the metabolism of moxidectin, we studied the influence of various P-gp interfering agents (ivermectin, quercetin and ketoconazole) on the metabolism of 14C moxidectin in cultured rat hepatocytes over 72 h. This in vitro study allowed selection of compounds which are able to increase the moxidectin bioavailability in lambs. From this, the modulation of moxidectin pharmacokinetics in plasma of lambs was studied after co-administration of 0.2 mg kg(-1) moxidectin (subcutaneously (SC)) and 0.2 mg kg(-1) ivermectin (SC), or 10 mg kg(-1) quercetin (SC), or 10 mg kg(-1) ketoconazole (orally). Ivermectin and quercetin increased significantly the quantity of 14C moxidectin in the rat hepatocytes. Ketoconazole co-administration led to a higher concentration of moxidectin in the rat hepatocytes. In vivo, only quercetin was able to modify the pharmacokinetics of moxidectin in plasma of lambs by increasing significantly the area under the plasma concentration-time curve. This study allowed the use of a natural agent, quercetin, to improve the bioavailability of moxidectin.

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