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Saturday 01 May 2004

Model for the drug-drug interaction responsible for CYP3A enzyme inhibition. II: establishment and evaluation of dexamethasone-pretreated female rats.

By: Kanazu T, Yamaguchi Y, Okamura N, Baba T, Koike M.

Xenobiotica 2004 May;34(5):403-13

1. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A catalysis of testosterone 6beta-hydroxylation in female rat liver microsomes was significantly induced, then reached a plateau level after pretreatment with 80 mg kg(-1) day(-1) dexamethasone (DEX) for 3 days. 2. Midazolam was mainly metabolized by CYP3A in DEX-treated female rat liver microsomes from an immuno-inhibition study, and the apparent K(m) was 1.8 microM, similar to that in human microsomes. 3. Ketoconazole and erythromycin, typical CYP3A inhibitors, demonstrated extensive inhibition of midazolam metabolism in DEX-treated female rat liver microsomes, and the apparent K(i) values were 0.088 and 91.2 microM, respectively. The values were similar to those in humans, suggesting that DEX-treated female rat liver microsomes have properties similar to those of humans. 4. After oral administration of midazolam, the plasma midazolam concentration in DEX-treated female rats significantly decreased compared with control female rats. The area under the plasma concentration curve (AUC) and elimination half-life were one-11th and one-20th of those of control female rats, respectively. 5. Using DEX-treated female rats, the effect of CYP3A inhibitors on midazolam pharmacokinetics was evaluated. The AUC and maximum concentration in plasma (C(max)) increased when ketoconazole was co-administered with midazolam. 6. It was shown that the drug-drug interaction that occurs in vitro is also observed in vivo after oral administration of midazolam. In conclusion, the DEX-treated female rat could be a useful model for evaluating drug-drug interactions based on CYP3A enzyme inhibition.

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