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Friday 01 April 2005

Xenobiotics and the glucocorticoid receptor: additive antagonistic effects on tyrosine aminotransferase activity in rat hepatoma cells.

By: Johansson M, Johansson N, Lund BO.

Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 2005 Apr;96(4):309-15

Methylsulfonyl-PCBs (MeSO2-PCBs) and some fungicides were studied for their functional effects on the glucocorticoid signal transduction in the Reuber rat hepatoma H-II-E-C3 cell line. 4-Substituted MeSO2-PCBs, tolylfluanid and ketoconazole displayed antagonistic effects on dexamethasone-induced tyrosine aminotransferase specific activity (IC50 ranging from 0.7-5.1 microM), but no agonist activity. These substances also had affinity to the mouse glucocorticoid receptor in competition binding studies, indicating that the inhibition of the middle cerebral artery occlusion-activity is indeed mediated by receptor binding. Thus, substances with a structural resemblance with a methyl sulfonyl group, such as the fungicide tolylfluanid, may inhibit glucocorticoid receptor-regulated gene transcription. In co-exposure experiments with three substances, multivariate modelling showed that the inhibitory effect of 4-MeSO2-2,5,6,2',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl (4-MeSO2-CB91), 4-MeSO2-2,3,6,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (4-MeSO2-CB149) and tolylfluanid on tyrosine aminotransferase activity was close to additive. Thus, co-exposure to such different chemicals as persistent organic pollutants and pesticides may affect cells additively. Chemical interference with the glucocorticoid hormone system therefore deserves further attention in vivo.

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