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Monday 01 August 2005

Metabolism of the alpha,beta-unsaturated ketones, chalcone and trans-4-phenyl-3-buten-2-one, by rat liver microsomes and estrogenic activity of the metabolites.

By: Kohno Y, Kitamura S, Sanoh S, Sugihara K, Fujimoto N, Ohta S.

Drug Metab Dispos 2005 Aug;33(8):1115-23

When chalcone and trans-4-phenyl-3-buten-2-one (PBO) were incubated with liver microsomes of untreated rats in the presence of NADPH, 4-hydroxychalcone and trans-4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3-buten-2-one (4-OH-PBO), respectively, were formed as major metabolites. Two minor metabolites of chalcone, 4'-hydroxychalcone and 2-hydroxychalcone, were also observed. The oxidase activity affording 4-hydroxychalcone was inhibited by SKF 525-A, disulfiram, ketoconazole, and alpha-naphthoflavone. The oxidase activities leading to 4-hydroxychalcone and 4'-hydroxychalcone were enhanced in liver microsomes of 3-methylcholanthrene- and phenobarbital-treated rats, respectively. The activity generating 2-hydroxychalcone was enhanced in liver microsomes of 3-methylcholanthrene- and dexamethasone-treated rats. The oxidation of PBO to 4-OH-PBO was inhibited by SKF 525-A, ketoconazole, disulfiram, and sulfaphenazole. This activity was enhanced in liver microsomes of 3-methylcholanthrene-, acetone- and phenobarbital-treated rats. 4-Hydroxylation, 4'-hydroxylation, and 2-hydroxylation of chalcone were catalyzed by rat recombinant cytochrome P450 1A1, 1A2, and 2C6; by 1A1 and 2C6; and by 1A1 and 3A1, respectively. PBO was oxidized by cytochrome P450 1A1, 1A2, 2C6, and 2E1. Chalcone and PBO were negative in an estrogen reporter assay using estrogen-responsive human breast cancer cell line MCF-7. However, 4-hydroxychalcone, 2-hydroxychalcone, 4'-hydroxychalcone, and 4-OH-PBO exhibited estrogenic activity.

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