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Friday 01 July 2005

Effect of several compounds on biliary excretion of paclitaxel and its metabolites in guinea-pigs.

By: Bun SS, Giacometti S, Fanciullino R, Ciccolini J, Bun H, Aubert C.

Anticancer Drugs 2005 Jul;16(6):675-82

The objective of this study was to evaluate the in vivo metabolic profile of paclitaxel and to examine the effect of potential co-administered drugs on the biliary secretion of paclitaxel and its metabolites in guinea-pigs. We first investigated in vitro paclitaxel metabolism using liver microsomes obtained from various species to identify the most suitable animal model with a similar metabolism to humans. Then, in vivo paclitaxel metabolism was investigated in male guinea-pigs. The levels of paclitaxel and its metabolites were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography in bile samples from guinea-pigs after paclitaxel i.v. injection (6 mg/kg). We further evaluated the effects of various drugs (quercetin, ketoconazole, dexamethasone, cotrimoxazole) on the biliary secretion of paclitaxel and its metabolites in guinea-pigs. This work demonstrated significant in vitro interspecies differences in paclitaxel metabolism. Our findings showed both in vitro and in vivo similarities between human and guinea-pig biotransformation of paclitaxel. 6alpha-Hydroxypaclitaxel, the main human metabolite of paclitaxel, was found in guinea-pig bile. After paclitaxel combination with ketoconazole or quercetin in guinea-pigs, the cumulative biliary excretion of paclitaxel and its metabolites up to 6 h was significantly decreased by 62 and 76%, respectively. The co-administration of cotrimoxazole or pretreatment with dexamethasone did not alter significantly cumulative biliary excretion. The guinea-pig is a suitable model to study metabolism and biliary excretion of paclitaxel, and to investigate in vivo drug interactions.

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