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Tuesday 01 November 2005

Characterization of rat small intestinal and colon precision-cut slices as an in vitro system for drug metabolism and induction studies.

By: van de Kerkhof EG, de Graaf IA, de Jager MH, Meijer DK, Groothuis GM.

Drug Metab Dispos 2005 Nov;33(11):1613-20

The aim of this study was to characterize rat small intestinal and colon tissue slices as a tool to study intestinal metabolism and to investigate gradients of drug metabolism along the intestinal tract as well as drug-induced inhibition and induction of biotransformation. Tissue morphology and the intestinal mucus layer remained intact in small intestinal and colon slices during 3 h of incubation, while alkaline phosphatase was retained and the rate of metabolism of three model compounds (7-hydroxycoumarin, 7-ethoxycoumarin, and testosterone) appeared constant. Phase I and phase II metabolic gradients, decreasing from stomach toward colon were shown to be clearly different for the model compounds used. Furthermore, the observed slice activities were similar or even higher compared with the literature data concerning metabolism of in vitro intestinal systems. Preincubation with beta-naphthoflavone for 24 h induced the O-deethylation of 7-ethoxycoumarin from nearly undetectable to 140 pmol/min/mg protein in small intestine (fresh slices, 43 pmol/min/mg protein) and to 100 pmol/min/mg protein in colon slices (fresh slices, undetectable). Ketoconazole inhibited metabolism of testosterone by 40% and that of 7-ethoxycoumarin by 100%. In conclusion, we showed that the intestinal slice model is an excellent model to study drug metabolism in the intestine in vitro, since we found that the viability parameters remain constant and the measured enzyme activities are relevant, sensitive to inhibitors, and inducible. Therefore, it is a promising tool to study intestinal drug metabolism in human intestine in vitro in the future.

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